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Palonosetron Hydrochloride INN
|Palostat 0.075 mg /1.5 ml
|0.075 mg /1.5 ml
|Palostat 0.25 mg / 5 ml
|0.25 mg / 5 ml
Palonosetron is a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist with a strong binding affinity for this receptor. As a result, serotonin can’t activates 5-HT3 receptors and thus fails to initiate vomiting reflux. Cancer chemotherapy may be associated with a high incidence of nausea and vomiting. 5-HT3 receptors are located on the nerve terminals of the vagus in the periphery and centrally in the chemoreceptor trigger. It is thought that chemotherapeutic agents release serotonin (5-HT) from the enterochromaffin cells of the small intestine. The released serotonin then activates 5-HT3 receptors located on vagal afferents to initiate the vomiting reflex. Postoperative nausea and vomiting is influenced by multiple patients, surgical and anesthesia related factors and is triggered by release of serotonin (5-HT) in a cascade of neuronal events involving both the central nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract. The 5-HT3 receptor has been demonstrated to selectively participate in the emetic response.
Palostat Tablet: Each film coated tablet contains Palonosetron Hydrochloride INN equivalent to Palonosetron 0.5 mg. Palostat 0.075 mg IV Injection: Each ampoule contains 1.5 ml solution containing Palonosetron Hydrochloride INN equivalent to Palonosetron 0.075 mg. Palostat 0.25 mg IV Injection: Each ampoule contains 5 ml solution containing Palonosetron Hydrochloride INN equivalent to Palonosetron 0.25 mg.
Indications And Uses
•Moderately emetogenic cancer chemotherapy - prevention of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses •Highly emetogenic cancer chemotherapy - prevention of acute nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses •Prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) for up to 24 hours following surgery. Efficacy beyond 24 hours has not been demonstrated.
Dosage And Administration
Usual dosage Adult tablet dosage: One 0.5 mg tablet/day Adult 0.075 mg IV dosage: A single 0.075 mg (1 ampoule) IV dose. Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Adult IV dosage: A single 0.075 mg IV dose administered over 10 seconds immediately before the induction of anesthesia. Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting Adults tablet dosage: One 0.5 mg tablet administered approximately one hour prior to the start of chemotherapy. Adult 0.25 mg IV dosage: A single 0.25 mg IV dose administered over 30 seconds. Dosing should occur approximately 30 minutes before the start of chemotherapy. Child dosage: A single 1-3 mcg/kg (half ampoule) IV dose.
The most common adverse reactions in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (incidence 5%) are headache and constipation. The most common adverse reactions in postoperative nausea and vomiting (incidence 2%) are QT prolongation, bradycardia, headache, and constipation.
Hypersensitivity reactions may occur in patients who have exhibited hypersensitivity to other selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonists.
Use In Pregnancy Lactation
Pregnancy category B. It is not known whether Palonosetron is excreted in human milk.
In vitro studies indicated that Palonosetron is not an inhibitor of CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2D6, CYP2E1 and CYP3A4/5 (CYP2C19 was not investigated) nor does it induce the activity of CYP1A2, CYP2D6, or CYP3A4/5. Therefore, drug interactions with Palonosetron appears to be low.
Store at controlled temperature of 20-25°C. Protect from light and keep out of the reach of children.
Palonosetron is contraindicated in patients known to have hypersensitivity to the drug or any of its components.
Palostat Tablet: Each box contains 1X10 tablets in alu-alu blister pack. Palostat 0.075 mg IV Injection: Each box contains 1 ampoule containing 1.5ml solution. Palostat 0.25 mg IV Injection: Each box contains 1 ampoule containing 5ml solution