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Baclofen is a muscle relaxer used to treat muscle symptoms caused by multiple sclerosis, including spasm, pain, and stiffness. It is indicated for • Spasm • Reflex muscle contractions • Spasticity resulting from multiple sclerosis • Skeletal muscle spasm resulting from rheumatic disorders • Flexor spasms and concomitant pain,clonus and muscular rigidity • Spinal cord injuries and other spinal cord diseases • Cerebrovascular accidents or neoplastic or degenerative brain disease • Tension type headache It is available as 5 and 10mg Tablet.
Bacofen 5: Each film coated tablet contains Baclofen BP 5 mg. Bacofen 10: Each film coated tablet contains Baclofen BP 10 mg.
Indications And Uses
Baclofen is indicated for • Spasm • Reflex muscle contractions • Spasticity resulting from multiple sclerosis • Skeletal muscle spasm resulting from rheumatic disorders • Flexor spasms and concomitant pain,clonus and muscular rigidity • Spinal cord injuries and other spinal cord diseases • Cerebrovascular accidents or neoplastic or degenerative brain disease • Tension type headache
Dosage And Administration
Adult The initial dose of baclofen is 5 mg three times daily by mouth preferably with or after food or milk-The total daily dose is increased by 15 mg every fourth day (i.e. the dosage regimen is 5 mg 3 times a day for 3 days, then 10 mg 3 times a day for 3 days, then 15 mg 3 times a day for 3 days), until either a dose of 20 mg three times a day is reached or until the desired therapeutic effect is obtained. Children: The usual dosage range for children is 0.75 to 2 mg/kg body weight per day. In children aged over 10 years a maximum daily dose of 2.5 mg/kg body weight may be given. The usual starting dose is 2.5 mg given four times daily increased cautiously about every three days until the desired therapeutic effect is obtained. The recommended daily maintenance doses are: 12 months to 2 years of age, 10 to 20 mg; 2 to 6 years, 20 to 30 mg; 6 to 10 years, 30 to 60 mg.
The most common side effects include day time drowsiness, sedation, lethargy, dizziness, headache, nausea and diarrhea. Other infrequent side-effects are muscular hypotonia, urinary disturbances, confusion, speech disturbance, insomnia, depression, anxiety, agitation, myalgia, fever, respiratory depression, hypotension, dry mouth, sexual dysfunction, visual disorders, rash, pruritis, weight gain, taste alterations, blood sugar changes.
Baclofen stimulates gastric acid secretion and should be used with caution in patients with a history of peptic ulcer and avoided in those with active peptic ulcer disease, Liver function should be monitored in patients with liver disease, patients with renal impairment need a reduced dose. Baclofen should be used with caution in patients with respiratory impairment. Baclofen may cause drowsiness, patients affected should not drive or operate machinery.
Use In Pregnancy Lactation
The safety of baclofen in women who are or who may become pregnant has not been established. Baclofen crosses the placental barrier. Baclofen should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Baclofen is excreted in breast milk however evidence to date suggests that the quantities are so small that no undesirable effects on the infant would be expected.
Alcohol and other CNS depressants may exacerbate the CNS effects of baclofen and should be avoided, severe aggravation of hyperkinetic symptoms may possibly occur in patients taking lithium, Ibuprofen and other drugs that produce renal insufficiency may reduce baclofen excretion leading to toxicity.
Store in a cool and dry place. Keep away from light and out of reach of children.
Baclofen is contraindicated in patients who are hypersensitive to any component of this product.
Bacofen 5: Each box contains 5x10's tablets of baclofen BP 5 mg in blister packing. Bacofen 10: Each box contains 3x10's tablets of baclofen BP 10 mg in blister packing.